Decision Framework for Selection of Managed Lanes Strategies
Texas Transportation Institute, Texas A&M University System, College Station, TX
Managed Lanes, Express Toll Lanes, HOV Lanes, HOT Lanes, Express Lanes, Exclusive Transitways, Dedicated Truck Lanes, Exclusive Truck Lanes, Truck Restricted Lanes
This report documents the development of a decision support methodology that accomplishes two objectives: (1) sorts out the relationships between managed lanes concepts and strategies, and (2) maps the knowledge territory in order to identify gaps. In conjunction with this particular research task, a user-friendly preliminary screening tool has been developed to assist the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) in identifying managed lane strategy options very early in the conceptual planning process. The framework for the decision support methodology is the backbone for the Managed Lanes Handbook, which offers the resources and guidance to develop a managed lanes project, addressing characteristics unique to individual facilities. This report also summarizes the evolution of managed lanes in Texas over the last five years, the legislative initiatives that have shaped TxDOT’s current approach to implementation, and the gaps in the knowledge base that still leave many questions unanswered. At the national level managed lanes are a relatively new and emerging concept. However, TxDOT has led the nation in research and development with two HOT lanes and ten freeway HOV facilities in operation and over a dozen managed lanes projects currently under development in ten Texas cities. Even with the experience to date there are still many unanswered questions related to the long-term operation of managed lanes, and numerous unknown factors that will require further research and documented practical experience through diligent monitoring and evaluation of facilities as they are implemented.